“Look at me” culture leaves too many marks

By Marjorie “Slim” Woodruff

I attended a ranger program recently dealing with Leave No Trace. The ranger showed a picture of rock art, or “ancestral inscriptions” as archaeologists often refer to the practice.

We agreed that one does not touch or otherwise deface it. Then she flashed a shot of some modern graffiti nearby — think of a heart, two names and the word “forever.”  “Is this OK?”

“No” was the reaction that came easily from all of us. “But why? Isn’t it just modern rock art?” she asked.

Indeed. Why are 800-year-old handprints sacrosanct, but not if hacked onto rock walls on public land today? At Capitol Reef National Park in Utah, 19th century pioneers scratched their names and the date into the rocks. Why is this a no-no for the modern visitor?

The pioneers endured drought, famine, disease, and death in order to reach the West and scratch their names on the wall. The modern hiker had to drive 100 miles from the airport in air conditioning and then walk a good half-mile. Isn’t that “suffering” just as important?

One difference may be that now we have the written word, videos, social media and blogs to preserve our encounters with nature for eternity. Four thousand years ago, the only way some people had to express themselves was by drawing on the rocks.

 One could argue that ancient rock art is also sacred, places of power that record the history of the people. Yet some modern-day hikers claim that they, too, hold the land sacred, and that their writings on rock also record their history.

There are places in our public lands that are well-known worship sites. Devil’s Tower in Wyoming. Deer Creek narrows in the Grand Canyon. The Sacred Salt Mines on the Colorado River. But when the Park Service tries to close them to visitors to protect them, there is a hue and cry: “This land is just as important to me as it was to them!”

 I consider wilderness areas to be spiritual. But saying they are “sacred” to me would push the boundary. Appreciation and worship are not the same. I would posit that as dearly as I hold the Grand Canyon in my heart, the Grand Canyon is not the tradition in which I was raised, and I cannot, as the Hopi and Zuni can, claim the canyon to be my place of emergence.

 I was once privileged to attend a tour of rock art sites led by a Hopi. A New Age visitor proudly announced that her spirit guide was a Hopi shaman. I cringed, but our guide just nodded politely.

 For too many years, there existed a group of Anglo businessmen in Northern Arizona who dressed up and simulated Hopi and Zuni dances during the local rodeo. They claimed to be honoring and preserving Native religions. The Hopi rightly complained that they themselves honor and preserve the dances and ceremonies. They did not need “help.” 

The Boy Scouts of America has appropriated Indigenous culture since the group’s founding in 1902. But backlash against Native regalia and dances have now prompted the Boy Scouts to advise troops to check with local tribes to ascertain if such activities are offensive. Even so, certain troops still perform Native dances as a form of “educational exploration.

 Lisa Aldred, the author of “Plastic Shamans and Astroturf Sun Dances,” argues that fetishizing masks made by Native Americans perpetuates the oppression that real Indian people experienced. You might ask whether appropriating rock art sites for our own use is part of this process.

 Native Americans have had their religion borrowed and taken over by Anglos for a long time, including building sweat lodges, fasting, using peyote and making rock circles.

 We also go much farther than appropriation as we destroy what we want to imitate. Modern graffiti is often deposited over centuries-old rock art, and in some parts of the country, rock art has been used for target practice. Stacking up rocks, painting rocks, scratching poetry into the walls — it’s all part of the “look at me!” culture.

 Would anyone spray paint over Leonardo DaVinci’s Last Supper? OK, someone probably would, but would anyone defend this vandalism?

 Let’s hope that selfies in the great outdoors lead to a good thing: As visitors record themselves standing next to rock art, they might keep their hands to themselves.

Photograph by Lloyd Bunk, courtesy of Unsplash

This column was published in the following newspapers:

02/01/2021 Rock Springs Rocket Miner Rock Springs WY
02/01/2021 Blue Mountain Eagle John Day OR
02/01/2021 Anchorage Daily Press Anchorage AK
02/02/2021 Wyoming Tribune Eagle Cheyenne WY
02/01/2021 Logan Herald Journal Logan UT
02/01/2021 Aspen Daily News Aspen CO
02/01/2021 Vail Daily Vail CO
02/01/2021 Livingston Enterprise Livingston MT
02/02/2021 Delta County Independent Delta CO
02/03/2021 Explore Big Sky Big Sky MT
02/02/2021 Twin Falls Times News Twin Falls ID
02/02/2021 Park Record Park City UT
02/02/2021 Kingman Daily Miner Kingman AZ
02/02/2021 Sterling Journal-Advocate Sterling CO
02/03/2021 Jackson Hole News & Guide Jackson Hole WY
02/03/2021 La Junta Tribune-Democrat La Junta CO
02/03/2021 Montrose Daily Press Montrose CO
02/03/2021 Big Horn County News Hardin MT
02/04/2021 Taos News Taos NM
02/04/2021 Moscow-Pullmand Daily News Moscow-Pullman ID
02/04/2021 Pagosa Springs Sun Pagosa Springs CO
02/05/2021 Las Vegas Sun Las Vegas NV
02/05/2021 Denver Post Denver CO
02/06/2021 Craig Daily Press Craig co
02/05/2021 Legrande Observer LeGrande OR
02/06/2021 Lake Havasu News Lake Havasu City AZ
02/06/2021 Rio Blanco Herald Times Meeker CO
02/07/2021 Pikes Peak Courier Woodland CO
02/08/2021 Del Norte Triplicate Crescent City CA
02/10/2021 Gallup Independent Gallup NM

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